Have you ever peered into a brewery’s window and been disappointed to find no dudes sampling the beer? The sparkling tanks, tubes, and gadgets that a brewery uses sometimes leave curious onlookers wondering what exactly happens there. So, what does a normal day look like in a brewery?

Depending on the type of alcoholic drink being made, the size of the brewery, and other trade secrets, breweries have different daily schedules. However, regardless of the brewery, the brewing procedure is typically the same.

Brewery: What Is It?

A brewery is an establishment where beer is brewed. Malting, mashing, lautering, boiling, fermenting, conditioning, filtering, and packaging are all common phases in the brewing process. Breweries can range in scale from small, neighbourhood establishments to massive, multinational corporations.

Some breweries just make one style of beer, like ales or lagers, and others that make a vast variety. It’s not uncommon to be able to buy beer directly from the brewery, as well as take a tour and sample the brew.

Breweries rely on the skills of trained brewmasters and brewers, who are responsible for making sure that the beer they make is always of a high standard. They oversee the entire brewing procedure and make sure the result is up to par.

What Is Done In Brewery?

Malting is the first step in the brewing process, and it involves transforming raw grains like barley into malt. The sugars in the malt are taken out with hot water, and the wort that is left is fermented to make alcohol.

After the solid waste grain has been discarded, the liquid wort is extracted and boiled to kill any bacteria and add flavour and aroma from hops and other components. When the wort has cooled down, yeast is added to turn the sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide. 

Beer is conditioned to further develop its flavour and carbonation after fermentation. As a final step, the beer is filtered and packaged for sale and consumption.

Multiple steps are required to produce beer. The final goal is an alcoholic, mildly carbonated beverage made by fermenting sugar from grain starches with yeast.

The brewing process consists of the following seven steps:

1. Milling

Grinding brewing grains is the first step in creating beer. Malted barley of several varieties is measured for each recipe. They are ground into a coarse grain, neither too fine nor too coarse.

2. Mashing

The process of mashing resembles the preparation of porridge. It entails combining milled grain with water and slowly boiling the resulting slurry. The starch in the grains is mashed down and fermented into sugars. When fermentation begins, the yeast is nourished by malt sugars.

3.  Lautering

The wort (a clear, sugary liquid) and spent grain (the grain that has been used to make beer) are separated after the mash (the thick porridge) has been lautering. A lauter tun or mash filter is used to separate the components. The sugary wort is frequently separated first. It is then recirculated before sparging with what is left.

As part of the process known as “sparging,” the remaining grains are washed in hot water to remove the remaining extract.

4. Boiling

A thorough and consistent process of boiling makes sure that the sweet wort is clean. The boil might last anywhere from 50 to 120 minutes. During the boil, brewers add both bittering and aromatic hops to give the beer taste, smell, and bitterness.

The wort is transferred to a whirlpool at the end of the boiling process. After being whirled, it’s easier to gather the dense solids, like hop matter and proteins that have clumped together. As soon as the wort has been filtered, it is chilled to stop the oxidation process.

5. Fermentation

The cooled wort is transferred to fermentation tanks. Beer yeast ferments the wort into alcohol and carbon dioxide. Ales and lagers are both beers, however, they are differentiated by the yeasts employed and the fermentation temperature. 

6. Filtration and Conditioning

The beer has finally arrived! Beer is chilled and given time to settle after fermentation. Beer styles have different requirements for settling time and filtration. Though it helps keep the beer’s taste consistent, not all beers are filtered.

7. Packaging

Beer is moved from tanks where it is being stored to bottles, cans, and kegs where it will be sold. The beer has finished fermenting and conditioning and is ready for shipping. The secondary fermentation process might provide natural carbonation for a little longer. A local bar now serves your favourite beverage. Beer with alcohol content is produced during the fermentation process.

When the beer is ready, it can be stored in a cask, which is one of the least processed forms of beer, or it can be transferred to kegs, bottles, or cans, all of which require processing and, depending on the beer style, carbonation.

Many people think that unfiltered beer is more “craft” because the filtration process doesn’t change the taste. There is a delicate balancing act that goes into making sure beer is clean without over-processing it.

There Are Three Different Ways To Brew

Extract brewing, partial mash brewing, and all-grain brewing are the three primary ways that beer can be brewed. As the names suggest, the main difference between the two methods is how the beer’s base is made. There are also some smaller differences.

The Extract Brewing Process

The “wort” (the beer’s foundation) in extract brewing is simply made from grain extracts, either dry or liquid, or a combination of the two. Even though some grain is added to an extract brew to give the beer more body, the procedure still requires less space, time, and equipment, making it ideal for beginners, amateurs, and even intermediate brewers.

Even though some brewers have more knowledge and skills, they still use extract brewing methods because they save the most time.

Partial Mash Brewing

In partial mash brewing, sometimes known as “mini-mash,” malt extract is used in addition to grain. By combining them, you may tailor your beer’s taste, texture, colour, and aroma in more ways than ever before.

Those who have already brewed successfully using extract-only techniques and have a firm grasp of the process but want to push things further will find this an excellent next step. Still, the change is easy because it doesn’t take much more time, equipment, or space than brewing with just extract.

All-Grain Brewing,

Of course, we can’t forget about all-grain brewing either. Brewing beer in this manner is the purest method, but it also takes more time, a larger physical space, more money, and more expertise. Since no malt extracts are used in all-grain brewing, all of the fermentable sugars come straight from the grains, giving you more leeway in terms of flavour and aroma.

It can also lead to increased room for error. All-grain brewing should only be done by an experienced homebrewer who knows the process inside and out.


A brewery is an establishment where beer is brewed. Malting, mashing, lautering, boiling, fermenting, conditioning, filtering, and packaging are all processes in the brewing process. During the malting process, the grains’ starches must be turned into sugars so that fermentation can happen.

Professional brewmasters and brewers are in charge of making and keeping high-quality beer made by breweries of all sizes, from microbreweries to multinational corporations. They are in charge of running the brewery and making sure the finished product is good. 

Going to a Brewery or learning more about the brewing process is a terrific opportunity to learn about the art and science of making beer, whether you’re already a beer connoisseur or just starting to get interested in the subject.

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